Officially the Federative Republic of Brazil is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population. It is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world, and the only one in the Americas. The official name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross" (Terra da Santa Cruz) Since Tensions between Portuguese and Brazilians were increasing, the Brazilians refused to yield to a new Portuguese political regime who tried to re-establish Brazil as a colony, with Prince Pedro standing with them, they declared the country's independence from Portugal on 7 September 1822. This is now celebrated as Brazil's Independence Day. History and Culture inspired clothing.